Talking of aquaculture, this is basically the practice of rearing, breeding and the harvesting of the aquatic species, animals and plants, in a controlled aquatic environment as we see in oceans and manmade ponds and tanks. The practice of aquaculture actually serves a number of purposes such as food production, restoration of the endangered species, building of aquariums amongst a host of other environmental benefits. The following is a look at some of the types of aquaculture and just how they prove to be of importance.
One of the types of aquaculture that is known is the practice known as mariculture, the practice of aquaculture that involves the use of marine water. Generally, mariculture can be practiced close to an ocean in which case there is a part of the ocean sectioned off or still can be practiced in a pond separate from the ocean but this will be such that contains sea water anyway. In such kinds of ponds we can have a number of the different kinds of sea life bred and some of these are such as the aquatic mammals such as molluscs and the other sea food options such as the prawns and shellfish alongside the breeding of the aquatic plant life such as seaweed. The economic benefits of breeding such plants and animals is seen in the fact that there will be a lot of applications that these plants will have in the manufacturing field. A good example is the fact that you will find that the seaweed will be the source of collagen that happens to be an ingredient for the manufacture of beauty products as we have in the facial creams and the pearls that are picked from the molluscs will be used for the making of fashion items and jewelry.
One of the forms of aquaculture that is quite common is that of fish farming. This is generally the practice that sees the selective breeding of fish in water, fresh or sea water, and this is with the sole purpose of getting an alternative food source. In fact this is the very reason why it has proved to be so popular, given the fact that it provides an alternative source of cheap protein.
Looking at the other practices that fall under the practice of aquaculture we find that known as integrated multitrophic aquaculture, which as well is popularly known as IMTA. IMTA is generally a little more complex a form as it involves the mix of the different trophic levels into the system so as to provide sufficient nutrients for the needs of the species in the ecosystem. It is seen as an efficient system in the sense of the fact that it is an attempt to provide the same ecological system that is found in the natural habitat.